Many countries of the world, and Africa as a whole, do not, as of today, produce enough food for their own population. This is true despite the fact that a majority of the population in many poor countries works in agriculture. Since we expect Africa’s population to double, from 1.2 billion in 2015 to 2.5 billion in 2050, it is obvious that we are in need of serious commitments to food production and agriculture.
When food production is set to rise, and more is produced per unit area, it is important to avoid damage to the environment. For poor farmers, nature is the most important resource. They rely on the soil’s fertility to gain an income. It is therefore vital that agriculture is conducted in a sustainable way. But, due to inadequate schooling, poor people do not always know how to maintain resources and make the best possible use of them.
When confronting such challenges, knowledge is essential. With the right measures, soil degradation may be avoided, soil quality may even be improved, fertility is improved, crops are improved. In very many cases it is quite feasible to increase crops significantly without damage to the environment.